The Kazakhs, also known as the Eagle hunters, live in western Mongolia. Take the opportunity to hunt with them and their eagles if you wish. The great lakes depression covers 39.000 sq.km-stretching from Lake. Uvs to Hyargas and lake Har us. Even more than the rest of Mongolia, western Mongolia is famed for its stark beauty, towering mountains and rugged scenery.
By 1993 decision of State Ikh Khural, Turgen mountains was set up as National Reserve on the basis of considering that these mountains have a number of zones such as mountain, forest(taiga) desert and steppe zones, various species of of animals which are adjusted to these zones, different kind of plants; woody, brush woody, grassy plants and it contain unmelted snow, icy rivers and icy reactors. The Reserve includes areas of 123 th hec from Tsagaan deglii mountain to Khavtsliin boomt.
Boorog Altan els
A southern part of great sand of Boorog del is called Altan els and is situated in the land of Baruunturuun, Zuungobi soums. Altan els belongs to the areas of basin of Uvs lake. The road between Ulaangom and Moron passes the Boorog Deliin Els sand dunes, which apparently form the northern most desert on earth. The sand dunes lead to Altan Els (Golden Sands), part of the Uvs Nuur Strictly Protected Area. Altan Els is another wonderful area for wildlife, if you can find any. The Altan Els are on the border of Uvs and Zavkhan aimags, and are an easy detour from the Ulaangom-Moron road.
Develiin Aral Natural Reserve
(10,300 hectares). A remarkable habitat around Develiin Island in the Usan Khooloi and Khovd rivers. Established in 2000, it is home to pheasants, boars and beavers. Develiin island in the Usan hooloi and Khovd rivers that feeds from Achit lake is located between Bayan-Ulgii and Uvs aimags. The area has very beautiful nature and is designated to protect the wild boar and beaver habitat.
Tsambagarav Uul National Park
(110,960 hectares). Established in 2000 to protect glaciers and the snow leopard habitat borders on Khovd. Tsambagaran uul National Park. Tsambagarav Uul, in the far north, west sum of Bayannuur, is one of the most glorious snowcapped peaks in Mongolia. De-spite its altitude of 4202m, the summit is relatively accessible and easy to climb compared with Tavanbogd but you'd need crampons and ropes. One excellent possible jeep route in this region is to travel northwest from the main Khovd-Olgil road to the Namarjin Valley, where there are excellent views of Tsamba-garav. From here you can head West and then South to rejoin the main Khovd-Olgii road, via several Kazakh settlements and a beautiful turquoise lake. You'll need to be completely self-sufficient for this trip. The other main area to visit is the Bayangol Valley, to the East of Tsambagarav, 100km and three hours of difficult driving from Khovd. A jeep road leads from Erdeneburen sum center up the mountainside, following dozens of rocky switchbacks. The valley itself is nothing special but there are fine views south-east to Khar Us Nuur and you might be able to rent a horse for the hour ride to the Kazakh-populated Marra Valley. With help you could do a fine three-or four-day horse trek circling Tsambagarav Uul, or to the Namarjin Valley.
The Tsenkheriin Agui (also known as Khoid Tsenkher) caves are reasonably attractive but the draw card is the cave paintings inside, which are approximately 15,000 years old (some sources say 40,000). There is also about 15,000 years worth of bird dung in the caves, so watch where you step. There are numerous passages to explore, with the largest cavern being about 15m high, with the floor measuring around 12m by 18m. Unfortunately, some recent graffiti has marred the cave paintings. Controversy has erupted among experts about the interpretation of the paintings. It is interesting to note that both mammoths and ostriches are depicted on the walls, proving that both lived in Mongolia up to approximately 15,000 years ago.
The Buyant, where khovd town stands, rises in the Mongol altai range and flows 195 km’s to join the Khovd river. There is a good “Buyant river”.
Khovd aimag museum
The museum in Khovd city has the usual collection of stuffed wildlife, some excellent ethnic costumes, Buddhist and Kazakh art, and a snow leopard pelt tacked up on the wall. One of the more interesting exhibits is the recreation of cave paintings at Tsenkheriin Agui. There are also several examples of the deer stones scattered around the aimag.
Ethnic group Uvs
Uvs aimag was originally named Dorvod after the main ethnic group that inhabited the area. The Dorvod people, who still represent just under half of the population of Uvs, speak their own dialect. Other minority ethnic groups include the Bavad, Khoton and Khalkh.
The Zavkhan river feeds lake Airag lake, which is a spring located lake of hyargas lake by a channel. The water is brackish and has rare fish such as Mongolian grayling.
The aimag museum gives an excellent of overview of Kazakh culture and of the geography of Bayan-Ulgii. The 2nd floor is devoted to history, and the 3rd floor has some interesting displays; entry costs T 1000. Ulgii's mosque and madrasah (Islamic place of learning) is worth a quick look, especially on Friday at lunch time when weekly prayers are held, though you may not be allowed inside. The mosque holds the offices of the Islamic Center of Mongolia. Its unusual angle is due to its orientation to Mecca
The Altai Mountain range
Altay Tavanbogd Natural Park. This stunningly beautiful park stretches south from Tavanbogd Uul and includes the three stunning lakes of Khoton Nuur, Khurgan Nuur and Dayan Nuur. It's a remote area, divided from China by the high wall of snowcapped peaks, and known to local Kazakhs as the Syrgali region. All three lakes are the source of the Khovd Gol, which eventually flows into Khar Us Nuur in Khovd aimag. It's possible to make rafting trips down river from Dayan Nuur, though no agencies offer this at present. There are many archeological sites in the region. As the main road through the region swings towards the southern shore of Khurgan Nuur you can see a stupa-like construction and several burial sites. Nearby is a balbal (Turkic stone statue) and the remains of a processional pathway. Further along the road is a wooden Kazakh mosque, with a ger-shaped roof. Further northwest, along the south-western shore of Khoton Nuur, the road deteriorates and there are several rivers to cross as they flow into the lake. Northwest of Khoton Nuur the mountains close in and there's some fine trekking possibilities. Tavanbogd (Five Saints) mountain rises 4374m above the borders of three nations, and for these reason it is also known as Nairamdal (Friendship) Peak. If you sit on the summit, you can simultaneously be in Mongolia, China and Russia (though you won't need a visa for all three). Tavanbogd is one of Mongolia's most spectacular peaks, of interest to professional climbers, and the only one in Bavan-Olgii to be permanently covered with large glaciers (including the 19km long Potanii Glacier, the longest in Mongolia). It's fairly dangerous, and to climb it you need to be with an experienced group properly equipped with ice axes, crampons and ropes. Don't even consider attempting it solo. The best time to climb is August and September, after the worst of the summer rains. The massif is made up of five peaks (the five saints) - Khuiten, Naran, Olgii, Buraed and Nairamdal - the highest of which is Khuiten (meaning 'cold') at 4374m.
The ethnic groups who call Bayan-Olgii home are comprised of the Kazakh, Khalkh. Dorvod, Uriankhai, Tuva, and Khoshuud. Unlike the rest of Mongolia, this is dominated by the Khalkh Mongols. About 90% of Bayan-Olgii's population are Kazakh, almost all of them Muslim. The remaining 10% are mostly obscure minority groups. Many people in the aimag speak Kazakh, so if you have spent time perfecting some conversational Mongolian, you may be devastated because many Kazakhs won't be able to understand you. There is bound to be someone nearby, however, who speaks Mongolian and, possibly Russian, but certainly nothing else.
Chono Kharaih River
The Chono Kharaikh River has it’s source in the lake Har-Us flows about 60 km, joining the Har lake in western Mongolia.