The khangai mountain range is in the heart of Mongolia, a beautiful National park, including high mountains, rivers, lakes, forest, meadows and heart waters of the Orkhon, one of Mongolia’s largest rivers. The valleys and the Mountain forest Steppe zone include many areas important for semi-nomadic herders. The Khangai national park was designated in 1996, and embraces 888.500 hertares straddling Arkhangai aimag / bulgan soum, ikkh tamir soum, Chuluut soum, tsenkher soum, and khotont soum/ and Uvurkhangai aimag /bat –ulzii soum, Uyanga soum, khujirt soum, and kharkorum soum/.
Hustai nuruu natural reserve
It is located to the west from Ulaanbaatar. In this forest steppe zone, the Takhi Przewalski horse, the last true wild horse in the world, is being reintroduced. The takhi disappeared from the Gobi desert in the 1960 and the world was left with a small captive breeding population of horses in European zoos. Now there are over 40 takh is including foals born in wild since their parents brought from zoos in the Netherlands and Switzerland were released in 1995.
Elsen tasarhai is a crossing that extends about 80 km and lies between Mongol Els and hogno tarma els. Khogno khaan mountain. The mountain of khogno khaan uul made of granites of Paleozoic age. Here are places mentioned in the ‘Secret history of the Mongols’ such as nakhu Gun and Sair Kheer.
Karakorum - The Ancient City and Erdene Zuu Monastery
Situated on the banks of the river Orkhon, the site of the imperial capital Karakorum was chosen by Chinggis Khan in 1220. The city, capital of the largest land empire the world has ever known, served as a supply point for the Mongol armies and was a cosmopolitan and multi-cultural place in its time. Today almost nothing remains of the once-great city, but a sense of its grandeur and importance can still be felt by the visitor. Karakorum was located trade routes and was surrounded by walls with four gates, each with its own market. The nearby Erdene Zuu Monastery was the first Buddhist monastery built in Mongolia, constructed using stones and bricks from the ruins of the ancient city in 1586. During the communist purges 1930s, many of the temples in the monastery complex were destroyed, but the remaining temples and stupas are some of the best remaining examples of Mongolian Buddhist architecture. Erdene Zuu is now both a museum and a functioning monastery.
The 30-meter nature miracle is situated nearby Kharakhorum (75 km), formed by volcanic activity and earthquakes 20-30,000 years ago. There is beautiful scenery and fresh air for those who just want to rest.
A nondescript but friendly aimag capital, Arvaikheer is of little interest except as a place to eat and rest, refuel the jeep or arrange onward public transport to places further west. Arvaikheer has the requisite hotel, bar, cinema, school and administrative building, and the monastery and museum are worth a look.
Orkhon Black Ruins
The ruined citadel of Khar Balgas (Kara Balgasun in Turkic) is in Khotont sum on the banks of the Orkhon Gol. The city was founded in AD 751 as the capital of the Uighur khanate, which ruled Mongolia from 745-854.There's not much to see except the outer walls (with gates in the North and South), a Buddhist stupa and the ruler's kagan, or castle, in the south - west corner. From the walls you can see the rows of stupas on either side of the walls and the remains of irrigated fields in the surrounding countryside.
Hoshoo tsaidam Turkic monument
When Chinggis Khaan decided to move his capital to Kharakhorum, he was well aware that the region had already been capital to successive nomad empires. About 20km northeast of Khar Balgas (as the crow flies) lies the remainder of yet another of these pre-Mongol empires, the Turkic khaganate. All that's left of the khaganate is the 3m-high inscribed monument of Kultegin (684-731), the khagan (ruler) himself. The monument was raised in AD 732 and is inscribed in Runic and Chinese script. You can see a copy of the stele in the entrance of the National Museum of Mongolian History. Just over 1km away is another monument to Bilge Khagan (683-734), younger brother of Kultegin. Ten years after the death of Bilge the Turkic khaganate was over run by the Uighurs.
Tis beautiful mountain is near the town of Tsetserleg that is the administrative center of Arkhangai aimag. Bulgan uul attains an altitude of 1.980 meters above sea level. The natural reserve covers 18 square km’s and has enjoyed state proctection since 1965, in order to safeguard the plants, animals and scenery of the steppe zone and forest steppe zone. About 40% Bulgan uul is made up of steep cliffs and scattered rocks.
Zaya gegeen palace museum
It's housed in the temple complex Zayayn Gegeenii Sum, which was first built in 1586 but expanded in 1679, when it housed five temples and up to 1000 monks. Miraculously, the monastery escaped the Stalinist purges because it was made into a museum & it has enjoyed state protection since 1998.
Taikhar chuluu Rock
The nondescript town of lkh Tamir is 22km along the main road west of Tsetserleg. The reason to stop here is to inspect the enormous Taikhar Chuluu rock formation. The rock is the subject of many local legends; the most common one is that a great baatar, or hero, crushed a huge serpent here by hurling the rock on top of it. Locals claim there are some ancient Tibetan inscriptions on the rock, though you'll be lucky to spot them through 30 years of Mongolian graffiti. There is even an ovoo at the top.
Tamir River is a mid size river. It begins in the Arkhangai mountains and runs northeast for ~ 280km where it empties into the Orkhon river. Remarkably, being a medium size river, some parts of Tamir reach a width of 70m and a depth up to 2m (great for fishing!). In the winter Tamir River is covered with thick ice shield making it perfect place for winter games among local residents.
Chuluut River is a goog size river. It begins in Khangai Mountains and flows north for ~ 415km where it confluences with Ider River and then both discharge their waters into the Selenge River. There is a section (~ 100km) of Chuluut River, where it cuts through a canyon formed by volcanic rocks, providing great views and fishing experience.
Khorgo dead volcano
Horgo Mountain and dormant volcano located on the east shore of Lake Terhiin Tsagaan (2,100m above sea level). It has been protection since 1965. Horgiin Togoo is the highest volcano crater in the Orkhon River Valley. From the summit of this basalt- covered mountain one has a splendid view over the whole region and the lake. The volcanic crater of the Togoo Uul is 200 m wide and 100 m deep. The northern slope is covered with Siberian Larch. One of the most interesting sights of Horgo is the so-called Basalt Ger, which lies on the southern side. It is a large solidified bubble of lava with a broken piece on one side, which makes a natural door. The height of some of these stone gers is 1.7m. Several other ancient volcanoes are not far from the Horgo. Lake Terhiin Tsagaan was formed when volcanic Lava dammed the Suman River, cutting a large gorge through the basalt. It is an astonishingly beautiful lake, 20km long, 16 km wide and 4 to 10meters deep with an altitude of 2,060 m above.