Area: 1,565,000 sq km (604,250 sq mi)
Capital: Ulaanbaatar 1.000,000
President: Khaltmaa Battulga
Religion: Tibetan Buddhist, Muslim
Life Expectancy: 61 years
Complete land locked between two large neighbors –Russian federation and China.
Remarkably long frontiers with the Russian Federation and China. 4,673 km with China and 3,485 km the Russian Federation.
Vast country – nearly 3 times the size of France and more than the United Kingdom. Mongolia is the 16th largest country is Asia and the 18th largest in the world. Surface are: 1.566.500 km square.
One of the highest countries in the world with one of Eurasia’s highest capitals.
Average 1.580 m above sea level
UB 1.350 m above sea level
Highest mountain 4.653 m above sea level
Temperature swing from extreme cold in winter to warm summers. UB is the coldest winter Capital in the world- but enjoys a hot summer. Go ides month January, average minus 35 temperatures. Warmest month July often plus 25 temperatures.
A remarkably sunny country enjoying 250 sunny days a year, often with clear cloudless skies.
Rain fall & Show
Show & rainfall are very low, the climate being arid however enough rain usually occurs in July and August to swell river, and snow blizzard can occur in winter. The highest peaks have small glaciers.
Remarkable scenery Mountains dominate two –thirds of the country. Mongolia’s highest peaks are permanently show capped and with glaciers. Some 2,000 lakes exist and the largest rivers exist Mongolia north wards to feed Lake Baikal in Siberia: the mountainous areas includes relatively. Wet mountain meadow pastures and steppe regions in contrast southern Mongolia is dominated by the famous Gobi desert.
Wild life nearly 10% is forest mainly in the north next to Siberia. Most Mongolia is wide open steppe grasslands in transition with the arid lands of the Gobi desert, forest’s support wolf, boar, Elk /moose/, Deer, Caribou, Antelope and brown Bear. Steppes and forest margins support marmot muskrat, Fox, Steppe Fox and Sable. Remote mountains support wild cats such as Lynx and snow leopard, Mongolia is home of the wild Ass, wild camel and wild sheep, wild horse /takhi/ is being reintroduced from captivity abroad. Bird life is rich & includes golden Eagle Bearded vulture & other birds of prey while the 2.000 lakes are a magnet for water birds including stores & even herring Gull & Relict Gull. The 2000 lakes support fish unique to Mongolian.
Mongolia / noun & adjective/ Population 2.7 million people & one of the lowest population densities in the world.1.5 inhabitant’s densities in the world.
Very high in excess of 80%
Ethnic groups-85% Mongol mostly Khalkha Mongol. Also 7 % Turkic /mainly Kazakh/ 4.6 % Tungusic & 3.4 % other groups. Four million Mongols live outside Mongolia.
Over 90% Khalkha Mongol. /Mongolian language/. The script is Cyrillic due to Russian.