Known to the world as Chingiss Khan, Temujiin, founder of the largest empire the world has ever seen, was born in Khentii province. The region is rich in legends about this Mongolian hero and is stunning in its own right. Khentii is a province of encircling mountains and open pastures.
Chinggis khan united the Mongol Empire. His father began the process and the son completed it. The son fought won 35 battles in Mongolia, so uniting all 81 differing tribes by 1206 ad when he crowned as Chinggis Khan. United under his banner, and with the advantage of highly mobile cavarly, the Mongol swept into power across much of China and reached the edge, of Western Europe. The momentum continued after his death, an invincible combination of Mongolian cavarly and recruited foot soldiers using novel methods of military strategy, battle tactics, superior weapons, and by these means created the largest land empire the World has seen, before or since.
Eastern Steppe. Menen steppe
The area was established in part to protect the habitat of the white gazelle. The Eastern Steppe Protected Area covers a representative part of the last of the great plain ecosystem. It was protected in 1992 by Parliament Resolution No 26. Gently rolling steppe is a characteristic of the protected area, which extends for over 200 kilometers along the Chinese border. This area is located in Matad, Khalkh gol, of Dornod aimag and Erdenetsagaan soum of Sulhbaatar aimag and is the only representative of the steppe land region, which has not been impacted by economic activities. It encompasses 570,374 hectares of area around Menen steppe and Lagyn khooloi. The Eastern Steppe Protected Area is a home to 25 species of mammal, dominated by herds of gazelle (over 70% of the white gazelle population of Mongolia inhabit this area). The protected area is only small part of eastern Mongolia’s vast steppe.
Kherlen River takes its origin in southern slope at elevation of 1750 m and flows to south first and then gradually turns to east and ultimately joins Dalai Lake in the territory of China. With its watershed area of 116455 km2 and length of 1090 in the territory of Mongolia, the river has 20.1m3/s of mean annual discharge at Choibalsan station.
Khalkhgol River takes its origin in Khyangan Mountain and flows to north. The river is divided into two streams before its left stream joins Buir Lake. The right stream flows into Orshun River. The river has 7440km2 of watershed area and 233 km of length within the territory of Mongolia. The mean annual flow of Khalkhgol River at Sumber station is 30.3m3/s.
About 20 monuments are devoted to the victory of 1939 and soldier’s graves. The war began in May 1939 when a Japanese army.
Strictly Protected Area covers the remote and uninhabited Far East tip of Mongolia. The area encompasses 311,205 hectares of land along the state border in Sumber soum of Dornod aimag. Ecologically distinct from the rest of Mongolia, this preserve includes the westernmost end of Khyangan mountain range, which extends into Mongolia from Manchuria, China. The area is relatively wet and one-fifth of the area is forested by small groves of Scotch pine, white birch and willow. Nomrog Strictly Protected Area was taken under special protection in 1992 by PMH Resolution No 11, which was approved by Parliament resolution No 26 (1995).Manchurian flora and fauna, which occur nowhere else in Mongolia, are found here, including the Ussurian moose, black-napped oriole, white-breasted rock hush, and black water snake.
Ulz River takes its origin in eastern slope of Khentii Mountain and flows between Onon and Kherlen rivers and joins Tooroi Lake in the territory of the Russian Federation. 37751km2 of the watershed area of 38851km, and 420 km of the length of 428 km is within the territory of Mongolia. Mean annual flow of Ulz River at Ereentsav is 7.68m3/s.
The Mongolian Dagurian strictly Protected Area is divided into two parts. The larger northern part (Chuluunkhoroot soum territory of Dornod aimag), contiguous to Russia’s Daurski Reserve, takes the rolling steppe and wet lands on the south shore of white-tinted Tari lake.
The area covers 46.160 hectares in northeastern Mongolia, Dornod aimag. Ugtam uul Natural Reserve was taken under special protection by Parliament Resolution No 83 (1993) and includes two holy mountains, Ugtam and Khairkhan, and ruins of an important Buddhist monastery. It is a beautiful place located in the frontier area between forest steppe and steppe regions and represents the natural complexity therein. It is peculiar in that the Dornod part of the forest border is pushed in to the south.
The Nature Reserve was established by the Parliament Resolution No 28 (1998), with an area of 251.388 hectares between Sergelen, Gurvanzagal and Choibalsan soums of Dornod aimag. It is the northernmost part of the white gazelle distribution, and is one of the main habitats for the migrating birds.
Dariganga Beautiful Oasis
Dariganga sum in the south east of Sukhbaatar province is by far the most interesting place to visit. Famous for its silversmiths and blacksmiths, friendly Dariganga is also where the sand dunes of the Gobi and grassy plains of the northern steppe.
You will explore the lakes, volcanoes, mountains, sand dunes and ancient stones nearby. The skyline of Dariganga is dominated by Altan Ovoo(Golden Ovoo) , wide former crater topped by a new stupa, which only men are allowed to visit. The stupa was built in 1990 on top of the ruins of the original Bat Tsagaan stupa, which was built in 1820 and destroyed in 1937.
Three main lakes, Kholboo Nuur, Tsagaan Nuur, Ganga Nuur, are perfect for swimming and camping. The Magnificent Ganga Nuur is about 13km south-east of Dariganga. Between the start of August and the end of October, the lake is home to thousand of migrating swans. Along the shore, in a fenced compound, is delicious and safe spring water.
Moltsog Els sand dunes
The sand dunes in the region are known as Mongol Els(Mongol Sand) and stretch for 20km, coming to within walking distance of Dariganga. Moltsog els is a vegetated belt of sand dunes covering an area of 248 square km’s of Ongon soum and Dariganga soum. Many lakes are at the edge og the sand dunes. Summer resorts have been opened near to the lake of Dariganga.
Bayandulaan cave on the border of Dariganga soum with Naran soum and south of Moltsog els, is old volcano 1.752 meters above sea level. On the western slope of this volcano is a cave. To enter it you have to be expert in crawling 20 meters and then you may walk on foot. Several dozen people can fit inside. The cave has a volcanic vent funnel of about 70 cm’s diameter directed to the top of mountain that the vent sides being basalt like enamel.
Shiliin Bogd Mountain
At 1778m, Shiliin Bogd Mountain, about 70 km east of Dariganga, is the highest peak in Sukhbaatar Province. The extinct volcano is sacred to many Mongolians: the spirit of any man (and man only) who climbs it, especially at sunrise, will be revived. There are plenty of Ovoo and awesome views of craters across the border to China, If you are camping , Shiliin Bogd offers one of the greatest sunrises in a country full of great sunrises. On the road between Dariganga and Shiliin Bogd & past Ganga Lake, look out for the new statue of Tooroi Bandi, the “Robin Hood” of Mongolia, who had a habit of stealing the horses of the local Manchurian rulers, then eluding them by hiding near Shiliin Bogd Mountain. The statue, dedicated in 1999, pointedly faces China.
Taliin cave / cave of steppe/
Taliin Agui (cave of steppe), 15km north-west of the Shiliin Bogd Mountain, is one of the largest caves in Mongolia. If the ice covering the entrance has melted you can squeeze through the narrow entrance. The large, and a little claustrophobic, cave has seven chambers to explore